More from Maltz

Marc Okrand

1. Groups

Some additional information has come to light regarding words relating
to groups or assemblies. Among those words already well-known for
difterent types of groups are:

boq "alliance" (also "bloc" or "coalition," though "coalition" is sometimes
boq ru', literally "temporary alliance")

DIvI' "federation" or "organization" (also "association," "league," "union")

ghom "group" or "party" (also "band," in the nonmusical sense)

qev (also ghom'a') "crowd"

Add to this list:

tlhach "faction" or "sect"

There are also a few more words related to schools or academic pursuits.
The most general word for "school" (a place for learning) is DuSaQ A
Specialized school, perhaps translatable as "academy," is 'ampaS. An
organization dedicated to scholastic pursuits or research is a yejHaD
"institute" or "institution" or a yej'an "society." The distinction between
yejHaD and yej'an is not clear, though the former is usually -- but not
always -- used for larger organizations. It is not known whether the first
syllable of these words (yej) is yej "council, assembly," but there could be
some historic connection. Note that nugh "society" has a much broader
meaning: a group of people with a shared culture. Accordingly, tlhIngan
would mean "Klingon society" as distinguished from, say, Romulan
society, but tlhIngan yej'an would probably be "the Klingon Society," a
group dedicated to the study of Klingons.

2. Negative Adverbials?

The word for "dishonorably" is batlhHa'. This is clearly the adverbial
batlh "in an honored fashion" plus a suffix -Ha', which might be analyzed
as the negative suffix that follows verbs or else as a suffix identical in form
(and meaning?) to it, but which appears with adverbials.

Whether this -Ha' can he added to all adverbials is not clear. The notes
taken while working with Maltz indicate that he balked at vajHa' ("not
thus") but accepted Do'Ha' "unfortunately." Information on other
adverbials has not yet been uncovered, though it is probably in the notes