Lesson 4 – introducing the prefix jI-
I am hungry
Today we're going to study how to express hunger - and the grammar behind it too!
The expression is:
jIghung = I am hungry
Which breaks down into:
jI- = verb prefix (subject: I; object: 0)
ghung = be hungry
1/ jI- = I--0
The prefix jI- is a verb prefix that must be used when the subject is “I” and there is no object, that is, when the verb is intransitive or used intransitively.
For instance, the verb “laugh” never takes a direct object (i.e. it is intransitive): you can never say “I laugh something”, it must always be “I laugh” with no object added.
Thus, jI- will have to be used with this verb:
jIHagh = I laugh (Hagh = to laugh)
The prefix jI- can also be used when the object is vague or unstated:
jIlegh = I see
jIQoy = I hear
2/ ghung = be hungry
The Klingon language does not have adjectives.
Instead, it uses verbs with the meaning: to be + quality/status, also called “stative verbs”.
Such verbs by definition cannot take an object and must always take “no-object” prefixes.
jI'oj = I'm thirsty ('oj = be thirsty)
jIbIr = I'm cold (bIr = be cold)
Now it's your turn! Try and make a sentence using today's new structure:
Here are a few more verbs you can use:
|ghung = be hungry||bIr = be cold||Hagh = to laugh|
|'oj = be thirsty||yoH = be brave||yIn = to live|
|Doy' = be tired||val = be clever||tlhuH = to breathe|
Prepared by Aurélie Demonchaux (ghItlhjaj)