These words usually come at the beginning of a sentence and describe the manner of the activity.

batlh with honor, in an honored fashion
bong by accident, accidentally, not intentionally
chaq perhaps
chIch on purpose, purposely
DaH now Do' with luck, luckily
loQ slightly, a little bit
nom fast, quickly
not never
pay' suddenly
pIj often
QIt slowly
reH always
rut sometimes
tugh soon
vaj thus, in that case, so, accordingly, then
wej not yet
ghaytan likely
jaS differently
nIteb alone, acting alone, on one's own
pe'vIl forcefully
SIbI' immediately


bong yaS vIHoHpu' I accidentally killed the officer. (yaS officer, vIHoHpu' I killed him/her)

batlh Daqawlu'taH You will be remembered with honor. (Daqawlu'taH somebody continues to remember you)

vaj Daleghpu' Then you have seen it. (Daleghpu' you have seen it)

wej vIlegh I don't see him/her yet (vIlegh I see him/her)

One word fits somewhat awkwardly into this category:

neH only, merely, just

Unlike the other adverbials, it follows the verb which it modifies. The semantic effect is one of trivializing the action.

qama' vIqIppu' neH I merely hit the prisoner. (qama' prisoner, vIqIppu' I hit him/ her)

Duj yIQotlh neH Just disable the ship! (Duj ship, vessel, yIQotlh disable it!)

The use of neH in the preceding sentence implies that the ship is to be disabled, but not damaged further.

Also unlike the other adverbials, neH can follow a noun. In such cases, it means only, alone.

yaS neH only the officer, the officer alone
jonta' neH only the engine

Adverbials sometimes occur alone, functioning more or less as exclamations (section 5.5). For example:

nom Move fast! Move quickly!

wej Don't do it yet!

tugh Hurry up!

The earlier belief that adverbials come only at the beginning of sentences turns out to be not quite accurate. For a more correct description, see Section 6.7.

There is a second word (in addition to neH only, merely) which fits into this category despite its very peculiar behavior:

jay' intensely

This word not only intensifies whatever is being said, it turns the whole phrase into an invective. Alone among the adverbials, jay' always comes at the end of the sentence.

qaStaH nuq jay' What the #$*@ is happening? (qaStaH it is occurring, nuq what?)

mIch 'elpu' jay' They've entered the #$%@ sector! (mIch sector, 'elpu' they've entered it)